Brill Companions Online is a suite of e-book collections comprising state-of-the art research companions in various subject fields within the humanities. Peer reviewed and written by experts, these handbooks offer balanced accounts at an advanced level, along with an overview of the state of scholarship and a synthesis of debate, pointing the way for future research. Designed for students and scholars, the books explain what sources there are, what methodologies and approaches are appropriate in dealing with them, what issues arise and how they have been treated, and what room there is for disagreement. All volumes are in English.

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Features & Benefits
  • Over 20 years of content.
  • Online access to more than 345 reference works and ca. 6,000 essays.
  • Sophisticated tools allow for exporting citations, save searches and sharing content.
  • Easy navigation through full-text search and metadata search.
  • Students and faculty will have the option to order their own € 25 / US$ 25 paperback copy of each title in the collection through Brill’s MyBook program.
Please note that titles published since 2007, with the exception of those included in Brill’s Companions to Classical Studies Online, are also available in other E-Book collections.
Brill's Companions to Classical Studies Online
A New Companion to Homer
Authors: Ian Morris and Barry B. Powell

This volume is the first English-language survey of Homeric studies to appear for more than a generation, and the first such work to attempt to cover all fields comprehensively. Thirty leading scholars from Europe and America provide short,
authoritative overviews of the state of knowledge and current controversies in the many specialist divisions in Homeric studies.
Brill’s Companion to Ovid
Editor: Barbara Weiden Boyd

Brill’s Companion to Ovid combines close analysis of each of Ovid’s major works with a comprehensive overview of scholarly trends in the study of Latin poetry and Roman literary culture. It will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of Latin literature alike.
Brill’s Companion to Cicero
Oratory and Rhetoric
Editor: James M. May

This volume is intended as a companion to the study of Cicero’s oratory and rhetoric for both students and experts in the field: for the neophyte, it provides a starting point; for the veteran Ciceronian scholar, a place for renewing the dialogue about issues concerning Ciceronian oratory and rhetoric; for all, a site of engagement at various levels with Ciceronian scholarship and bibliography.
Brill Companions Online can be purchased as a whole, but is also available in six different subject categories.
Highlights in this collection
Brill’s Companion to the Study of Greek Comedy
Editor: Gregory Dobrov

The present volume sets forth the main resources for the advancing student of Ancient Greek Comedy. An international
roster of specialists contributes chapters organized into three sections: “Contexts”: the intellectual, physical and sociohistorical
setting of Athenian Comedy; “History”: the literary history of the Old, Middle and New periods; and “Elements”: the text, language and formal components of the genre (including a comprehensive bibliography). This Companion is designed as a resource for understanding and interpreting the classics of Athenian Comedy from its inception through Menander.
Brill’s Companion to Hesiod
Editors: Franco Montanari, Chr. Tsagalis
and Antonios Rengakos

This is the first full-scale companion on Hesiod to appear in English. The aim of this volume is to supply all those interested in Greek poetry with an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of scholarly approaches to Hesiod and various other works which have come down to us under his name.
Brill’s Companion to Ancient Macedon
Studies in the Archaeology and History of Macedon,
650 BC - 300 AD
Editor: Robin J. Lane Fox

In the past 35 years our archaeological and epigraphic evidence for the history and culture of ancient Macedon has been transformed. This book brings together the leading Greek archaeologists and historians of the area in a major collaborative survey of the finds and their interpretation, many of them unpublished outside Greece. The recent, immensely significant excavations of the palace of King Philip II are published here for the first time. Major new chapters on the Macedonians’ Greek language, civic life, fourth and third century BC kings and court accompany specialist surveys of the region’s art and coinage and the royal palace centres of Pella and Vergina, presented here with much new evidence. This book is the essential companion to Macedon, packed with new information and bibliography which no student of the Greek world can now afford to neglect.
"Brill’s Companions offer up-to-date surveys and scholarship on anything from Greek comedy – one of the unmissable volumes – to Aphrodite, Ovid, and the Greek and Latin pastoral. They are not only valuable for their authors’ individual approaches and chosen themes: they are backed by notes and bibliographies, which are among my first resorts when embarking on a new project or returning to a well-loved subject. Brill set the standard for classical Companions; they have yet to be surpassed by others."
Robin Lane Fox, University of Oxford
Highlights in this collection
Brill’s Companion to Ancient Greek
Scholarship (2 vols.)

Editors: Franco Montanari, Stefanos Matthaios
and Antonios Rengakos
Brill’s Companion to Ancient Greek Scholarship aims at providing a reference work in the field of ancient Greek and Byzantine scholarship and grammar, thus encompassing the broad and multifaceted philological and linguistic research activity during the entire Greek Antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Brill’s Companion to Ancient Geography
The Inhabited World in Greek and Roman Tradition
Editors: Serena Bianchetti, Michele Cataudella
Hans-Joachim Gehrke
Brill’s Companion to Ancient Geography is the first collection of studies on historical geography of the ancient world that focuses on a selection of topics considered crucial for understanding the development of geographical thought. In this work, scholars, all of whom are specialists in a variety of fields, examine the interaction of humans with their environment and try to reconstruct the representations of the inhabited world in the works of ancient historians, scientists, and cartographers
Brill’s Companion to Herodotus in
Antiquity and Beyond

Editors: Jessica Priestley and Vasiliki Zali
Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Herodotus in Antiquity
and Beyond
offers new insights on the reception and cultural
transmission of one of the most controversial and influential
texts to have survived from Classical Antiquity. Herodotus’
Histories has been adopted, adapted, imitated, contested,
admired and criticized across diverse genres, historical periods, and geographical boundaries.
Highlights in this collection
Brill’s Companion to Insurgency and Terrorism in the Ancient Mediterranean
Editors: Timothy Howe and  Lee L. Brice
Brill’s Companion to Insurgency and Terrorism in the Ancient Mediterranean, Tim Howe and Lee Brice challenge
the view that these forms of conflict are specifically modern
phenomena by offering an historical perspective that exposes
readers to the ways insurgency movements and terror tactics
were common elements of conflict in antiquity.
Brill’s Companion to the Classics,
Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany

Editors: Helen Roche and Kyriakos N. Demetriou

The first ever guide to the manifold uses and reinterpretations of the classical tradition in Mussolini’s Italy and Hitler’s Germany,
Brill’s Companion to the Classics, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany explores how political propaganda manipulated and reinvented the legacy of ancient Greece and Rome in order to create consensus and historical legitimation for the Fascist and National Socialist dictatorships. The memory of the past is a powerful tool to justify policy and create consensus, and, under the Fascist and Nazi regimes, the legacy of classical antiquity was often evoked to promote thorough transformations of Italian and German culture, society, and even landscape. At the same time, the classical past was constantly recreated to fit the ideology of each regime
Brill’s Companion to the Reception
of Aristotle in Antiquity

Editor: Andrea Falcon
Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristotle in Antiquity provides a systematic yet accessible account of the reception of Aristotle’s philosophy in Antiquity. To date, there has been no comprehensive attempt to explain this complex phenomenon. This volume fills this lacuna by offering broad coverage of the subject from Hellenistic times to the sixth century AD.
Highlights in this collection
Highlights in this collection
A Companion to the Byzantine
Culture of War, ca. 300-1204

Editor: Yannis Stouraitis
This collection of essays on the Byzantine culture of war in
the period between the 4th and the 12th centuries offers a new critical approach to the study of warfare as a fundamental
aspect of East Roman society and culture in Late Antiquity and
the Middle Ages. The book’s main goal is to provide a critical
overview of current research as well as new insights into the role of military organization as a distinct form of social power in one of history’s more long-lived empires.
A Companion to the Medieval Papacy
Growth of an Ideology and Institution
Editors: Atria Larson and Keith Sisson
A Companion to the Medieval Papacy brings together an
international group of experts on various aspects of the
medieval papacy. Each chapter provides an up-to-date introduction to and scholarly interpretation of topics of crucial
importance to the development of the papacy’s thinking about
its place in the medieval world and of its institutional structures.
Brill’s Companions to Late Antiquity and Medieval Studies Online
"The Brill’s Companions to the Christian Tradition book series has made major contributions to the study of the history of Christianity for well over a decade now, presenting cutting-edge scholarship on a host of significant figures and movements over many centuries. This new e-book collection of Companions to Late Antiquity and Medieval Studies makes many of these valuable studies available to a wider audience and in a convenient format. It is a significant tool for scholars and students."
Bernard McGinn, University of Chicago
Highlights in this collection
Handbook of European History 1400-1600:
Late Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation (2 vols)
Editors: Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Heiko A. Oberman
and James D. Tracy
The Handbook of European History 1400-1600 brings together the best scholarship into an array of topical chapters that present current knowledge and thinking in ways useful to the specialist and accessible to students and to the educated non-specialist. Forty-one leading scholars in this field of history present the state of knowledge about the grand themes, main controversies and fruitful directions for research of European history in this era. Volume 1 (Structures and Assertions) describes the people, lands, religions and political structures which define the setting for this historical period. Volume 2 (Visions, Programs, Outcomes) covers the early stages of the process by which newly established
confessional structures began to work their way among the

A Companion to the Reformation in
Central Europe

Editors: Howard Louthan and Graeme Murdock

A Companion to the Reformation in Central Europe analyses
the diverse Christian cultures of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth, the Czech lands, Austria, and lands of the
Hungarian kingdom between the 15th and 18th centuries. This volume brings together expertise on diverse lands and churches to provide the first integrated account of religious life in Central Europe during the early modern period.
A New Companion to Hispanic

Editor: Hilaire Kallendorf

Winner of the 2011 Bainton Prize for Reference Works

The “canon” of Hispanic mysticism is expanding. No longer is our picture of this special brand of early modern devotional practice limited to a handful of venerable saints. Instead, we recognize a wide range of “marginal” figures as practitioners of mysticism, broadly defined. Paradoxically, by taking a more inclusive approach to studying mysticism in its “marginal” manifestations, we draw mysticism—in all its complex iterations—back toward its rightful place at the center of early modern spiritual experience.
A Companion to the Spanish Renaissance
Editor: Hilaire Kallendorf

This interdisciplinary volume combines micro- with macro-history to offer a snapshot of the best new work being done in
this area. With essays on politics and government, family and
daily life, religion, nobles and court culture, birth and death,
intellectual currents, ethnic groups, the plastic arts, literature,
popular culture, law courts, women, literacy, libraries, civic
ritual, illness, money, notions of community, philosophy and law, science, colonial empire, and historiography, it offers breath-taking scope without sacrificing attention to detail. Destined to become the standard go-to resource for non-specialists, this book also contains extensive bibliography aimed at the serious researcher.
"Brill’s Companions consist of not just one series but a set of series, dedicated to Classical Studies, Classical Reception, the Christian Tradition and other fields of research, including literature, history, and philosophy. Together they present a truly impressive number of highly useful reference works, which scholars can consult to quickly acquaint themselves with a particular subject. As a classical scholar I often use Brill’s Companions to Classical Studies, with great satisfaction."
Franco Montanari, University of Genoa
•  January 2012
•  ISBN 978 90 04 21927 4
•  Number of titles in this collection: 25
•  Number of essays in this collection: 484
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•  January 2015
•  ISBN 978 90 04 28486 9
•  Number of titles in this collection: 15
•  Number of essays in this collection: 335
For pricing information and title list,
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For pricing information and title list,
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•  Number of titles in this collection: 10
•  Number of essays in this collection: 178
•  March 2016
•  ISBN 978 90 04 24930 1
Brill’s Companion to the Reception of
Alexander the Great

Editor: Kenneth Royce Moore

Arguably no other historical figure has cast such a long shadow for so long a time. Every civilization touched by the Macedonian Conqueror, along with many more that he never imagined, has scrambled to “own” some part of his legacy. This volume canvasses a comprehensive array of these
receptions, beginning from Alexander’s own era and journeying up to the present, in order to come to grips with the impact left by this influential but elusive figure.
Brill’s Companion to Military Defeat in Ancient
Mediterranean Society

Editors: Jessica H. Clark and Brian Turner
Brill’s Companion to Military Defeat in Ancient Mediterranean Society, Jessica H. Clark and Brian Turner lead a re-examination of how Near Eastern, Greek, and Roman societies addressed – or failed to address – their military defeats and casualties of war. By focusing on the connections
between war and society, history and memory, the chapters collected in this volume contribute to our understanding of the ubiquity and significance of war losses in the ancient world.
•  Number of titles in this collection: 10
•  Number of essays in this collection: 288
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•  September 2018
•  ISBN 978 90 04 36028 0
"It is very helpful to have this scholarly resource on Late Antique and Medieval Studies available on line. The range of the Companions’ topics, from individuals such as Gregory I or Joachim of Fiore, institutions such as the Hanseatic League, or textual categories and themes such as preaching and audience is impressive. Each volume offers an immensely useful series of articles which contrive to be both authoritative surveys and independent interpretations."
Rosamond McKitterick, University of Cambridge
A History of Prayer
The First to the Fifteenth Century
Editor: Roy Hammerling

“Prayer is real religion,” said Auguste Sabatier. If so, the academic study of prayer allows scholars to examine the very heart of religious practices, beliefs, and convictions. Since prayers exist in a wide variety of content, contexts, forms, and practices, a comprehensive approach to the study of prayer is required. Therefore, this volume includes scholars from a wide range of disciplines, in order to discover the breadth of “real religion” from the first to the fifteenth centuries.
A Companion to Medieval Toledo
Reconsidering the Canons
Editors: Yasmine Beale-Rivaya and Jason Busic

A Companion to Medieval Toledo. Reconsidering the Canons explores the limits of “Convivencia” through new and problematized readings of material familiar to specialists and offers a thoughtful initiation for the non-specialist into the historical, cultural, and religious complexity of the iconic
city of Toledo.
A Companion to Gregory the Great
Editors: Bronwen Neil and Matthew J. Dal Santo
What made Pope Gregory I “great”? If the Middle Ages had no difficulty recognizing Gregory as one of its most authoritative points of reference, modern readers have not always found this question as easy to answer. As with any great figure, however, there are two sides to Gregory – the historical and the universal. The contributors to this handbook look at Gregory’s “greatness” from both of these angles: what made Gregory stand out among his contemporaries; and what is unique about Gregory’s contribution through his many written works to the development of human thought and described human experience.
•  September 2018
•  ISBN 978 90 04 38920 5
•  Number of titles in this collection: 75
•  Number of essays in this collection: 1,046
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Brill’s Companions to Early Modern and Modern History Online
"These Companions are go-to resources for teaching and research: they gather the latest scholarship on a huge range of authors, themes, and places in medieval and early modern Europe. The electronic format works equally well for reading specific articles, for browsing, and for searching the volumes together in one go. They are especially powerful as a set."
Ann Blair, Harvard University
"The Brill Companions offer sure-footed guides to key issues in Christian and European history, useful for newcomers to a topic and for anyone seeking insights into recent research.  Conceptualized and written by the leading scholars in a field, they are indispensable sources of information on fundamental issues and debates."
Merry Wiesner-Hanks, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
A Companion to the Swiss Reformation
Editors: Amy Nelson Burnett  and Emidio Campi

A Companion to the Swiss Reformation describes the course of the Protestant Reformation in the Swiss Confederation over the course of the sixteenth century. Its essays examine the successes as well as the failures of the reformation movement, considering not only the institutional churches but also the spread of Anabaptism.
A Companion to Venetian History, 1400-1797
Editor: Eric Dursteler

The field of Venetian studies has experienced a significant expansion in recent years, and the Companion to Venetian
History, 1400-1797
provides a single volume overview of the
most recent developments. It is organized thematically and
covers a range of topics including political culture, economy,
religion, gender, art, literature, music, and the environment. The Companion to Venetian History, 1400-1797 represents a new point of reference for the next generation of students of early modern Venetian studies, as well as more broadly for scholars working on all aspects of the early modern world.
•  September 2018
•  ISBN 978 90 04 38923 6
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•  Number of titles in this collection: 45
•  Number of essays in this collection: 747
Brill’s Companions to Middle East and Islamic Studies Online
"The books offer stepping stones for new research on highly influential Muslim thinkers, as well as such prominent themes as food culture, art, Islamic manuscripts, and special themes such as the concept of paradise and the reception of the Arabian Nights in world literature."
Maurits van den Boogert, Leiden
Highlights in this collection
Arab Painting
Text and Image in Illustrated Arabic Manuscripts
Author: Anna Contadini

Arab painting, preserved mainly in manuscript illustrations of
the 12th to 14th centuries, is here treated as an artistic corpus
fully deserving of appreciation in its own terms, and not as a
mere precursor to Persian painting. The book assembles papers by a distinguished list of scholars that illuminate the variety of material that survives in scientific as well as literary manuscripts.
Ibn Ḥazm of Cordoba
The Life and Works of a Controversial Thinker
Editors: Camilla Adang, Maribel Fierro
and Sabine Schmidtke

This volume represents the state of the art in research on the
controversial Muslim legal scholar, theologian and man of letters Ibn Ḥazm of Cordoba (d. 456/1064), who is widely regarded as one of the most brilliant minds of Islamic Spain.
The Aghlabids and their Neighbours
Art and Material Culture in Ninth-Century North Africa
Editors: Glaire D. Anderson, Corisande Fenwick
and Mariam Rosser-Owen

The first dynasty to mint gold dinars outside of the Abbasid heartlands, the Aghlabid (r. 800-909) reign in North Africa has largely been neglected in the scholarship of recent decades, despite the canonical status of its monuments and artworks in early Islamic art history. The essays in this volume, produced by an international group of specialists in history, art and architectural history, archaeology, and numismatics, illuminate the Aghlabid dynasty’s interactions with neighbors in the western Mediterranean and its rivals and allies elsewhere, providing a state of the question on early medieval North Africa and revealing the centrality of the dynasty and the region to
global economic and political networks.
•  September 2018
•  ISBN 978 90 04 38924 3
•  Number of titles in this collection: 21
•  Number of essays in this collection: 435
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Brill’s Companions to Asian Studies Online
In the fast-paced world of the twenty-first century the impressive and expanding list of titles in Brill’s Companions to Asian Studies Online answers the need for students and researchers to gain immediate access to high-quality academic work. Overviewing the current state of research on a range of topics while opening up pathways for future inquiry, this e-book collection represents an invaluable reference tool and a unique contribution to the field of Asian Studies."
Barbara Watson Andaya, University of Hawai‘i and Leonard Y. Andaya, University of Hawai‘i
Highlights in this collection
Early Modern and Modern Chinese Religion (set) Vol 1 part 1, Vol 1 part 2, Vol 2
Editors: John Lagerwey, Marc Kalinowski, Pengzhi Lü
and Pierre Marsone

Together, and for the first time in any language, the essays
gathered in these volumes provide a composite picture of
the history of religion in ancient China from the emergence
of writing ca. 1250 BC to the Yuan (960-1368 AD). Written by
specialists in a variety of disciplines, the essays cover such
subjects as divination and cosmology, exorcism and medicine, ethics and self-cultivation, mythology, taboos, sacrifice, shamanism, burial practices, iconography, and political philosophy.
Handbook of Christianity in China (2 Volume Set)
(635 – present) Vol 1, Vol 2
Editors: Nicolas Standaert and  Gary Tiedemann

Who were the main actors in propagating Christianity in China? Where did Christian communities settle? What discussions were held in China, concerning Christianity? These, and many other, questions are answered in this reference work. This handbook represents a true reference guide to the reception of Christianity in China. It presents to the reader, in comprehensive fashion, all current knowledge of Christianity in China, and guides him through the main Chinese and Western sources, bibliographies and archives. The scope is broad and covers a wide range of topics, such as theology, philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, medicine, cannon, botany, art, music, and more.
Daoism Handbook
Editor: Livia Kohn

Thirty major scholars in the field wrote this new, authoritative
guide to the main features and development of Daoism. The
chapters are devoted to either specific periods, or topics such as Women in Daoism, Daoism in Korea and Daoist Ritual Music. Each chapter rigidly deals with a fixed set of aspects, such as history, texts, worldview and practices.
Indian Islamic Architecture
Forms and Typologies, Sites and Monuments
Author: John Burton-Page
Editor: George Michell

The British scholar John Burton-Page contributed numerous
formative articles on Indian Islamic architecture for the
Encyclopaedia of Islam over a period of 25 years. Assembled
here for the first time, these offer an insightful overview of the
subject, ranging from the earliest mosques and tombs erected by the Delhi sultans in the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries, to the great monuments of the Mughal emperors dating from the 16th and 17th centuries.
The Art and Architecture of Thailand
From Prehistoric Times through the Thirteenth
Author: Hiram Woodward

This volume, organized geographically and chronologically,
covers four eras: the prehistoric period; the period characterized by the culture of the kingdom of Dvaravati; the centuries of Khmer dominance; and, as classical Khmer civilization waned, the period of the struggle for identity.
A systematic and elucidating history of pre-fourteenth-century
Thailand in a volume indispensable to historians of art, religion, politics, and society
The Spread of Buddhism
Editors: Ann Heirman and Stephan Peter Bumbacher

In no region of the world Buddhism can be seen as a unified
doctrinal system. It rather consists of a multitude of different
ideas, practices and behaviours. Geographical, social, political, economic, philosophical, religious, and also linguistic factors all played their role in its development and spread, but this role was different from region to region. Based on up-to-date research, this book aims at unraveling the complex factors that shaped the presence of particular forms of Buddhism in the regions to the north and the east of India. The result is a fascinating view on the mechanisms that allowed or hampered the presence of (certain aspects of ) Buddhism in regions such as Central Asia, China, Tibet, Mongolia, or Korea.
•  September 2018
•  ISBN 978 90 04 38921 2
•  Number of titles in this collection: 64
•  Number of essays in this collection: c. 1,000
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Brill’s Companions to Religious Studies, Theology and Philosophy Online
"Brill Companions greatly expand the possibilities for the study of religions, theologies and philosophies. Individual volumes are already a remarkable resource that enrich understanding of specific complexes and arenas of debate. They are focused and expert but accessible and inspiring. Together, this online collection not only surveys the state of the field but offers rich provocations for improved approaches, methods and discussion."
Graham Harvey, Professor of Religious Studies,
The Open University
Highlights in this collection
Handbook of Contemporary Japanese Religions
Editors: Inken Prohl and John K. Nelson

Representing work by some of the leading scholars in the field, the chapters of this handbook survey the transformation and innovation of religious traditions and practices in contemporary Japan. This groundbreaking collection of scholarly papers helps to map out the fascinating complexity and dynamism of religion in contemporary Japanese society and culture.
Handbook of Scientology
Editor: James R. Lewis

The Handbook of Scientology brings together a collection
of fresh studies of the most persistently controversial of all
contemporary New Religions.
Handbook of New Age
Editor: James Lewis and Daren Kemp

The Handbook of New Age is a comprehensive survey of
alternative spiritualities: their history, their global impact, their
cultural influence and how they are understood by scholars.
Chapters by many of the leading scholars of the movement give the latest analysis of contemporary spiritual trends, and present up-to-date observations of the interaction between the New Age movement and many different fields of knowledge and research.
A Companion to Public Theology
Editor: Sebastian Kim and Katie Day

Winner of the 2017 Choice Outstanding Academic Title Award

Public theology has emerged in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries as theologians have increasingly entered the public square to engage complex issues. This Companion to Public
Theology brings a much-needed resource to this relatively new field.
Brill’s Companion to Anarchism and Philosophy
Editor: Nathan J. Jun

Despite the recent proliferation of scholarship on anarchism, very little attention has been paid to the historical and theoretical relationship between anarchism and philosophy. Seeking to fill this void, Brill’s Companion to Anarchism and Philosophy draws upon the combined expertise of several
top scholars to provide a broad thematic overview of the various ways anarchism and philosophy have intersected.
•  September 2018
•  ISBN 978 90 04 38943 4
•  Number of titles in this collection: 20
•  Number of essays in this collection: 474
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Students and faculty at institutions who have acquired Brill's ebook version will have the option to order their own € 25 / US$ 25 paperback copy of each title in the collection through Brill’s MyBook program; more information at
Webpage Title #Titles #Essays Pub date Brill Companions Online 345 c. 6,000 Sept. ‘18 Brill’s Companions to Classical Studies Online (Pts. I-IV) 60 1,285 Sept. ‘18 Brill’s Companions to Classical Studies Online I 25 484 2011 Brill’s Companions to Classical Studies Online II 15 335 2015 Brill’s Companions to Classical Studies Online III 10 178 2016 Brill’s Companions to Classical Studies Online IV 10 288 Sept. ‘18 Brill’s Companions to Classical Studies Online V 10 c. 200 Oct. '19 Brill’s Companions to Late Antiquity and Medieval Studies Online (Pts. I-II) 102 1,522 Sept. '18 Brill’s Companions to Late Antiquity and Medieval Studies Online I 75 1,046 Sept. ‘18 Brill’s Companions to Late Antiquity and Medieval Studies Online II 27 476 March ‘21 Brill’s Companions to Early Modern and Modern History Online (Pts. I-II) 68 1,155 Sept. ‘18 Brill’s Companions to Early Modern and Modern History Online I 45 747 Sept. ‘18 Brill’s Companions to Early Modern and Modern History Online II 23 408 March ‘21 Brill’s Companions to Middle East and Islamic Studies Online I 21 435 Sept. ‘18 Brill’s Companions to Asian Studies Online I 64 c. 1,000 Sept. ‘18 Brill’s Companions to Religious Studies, Theology and Philosophy Online I 20 474 Sept. ‘18
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We thank the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, the Netherlands for the use of image material.
The Brill’s Companion series has established itself as one of the essential reference collections that should find a place in the library of every Religious Studies scholar. Building on state-of-play surveys on a wide variety of topics, they also point to exciting new avenues for investigation. These volumes bring together cutting edge research by both established and emerging thinkers, and are invaluable both in the classroom and the study.”
Douglas E. Cowan, Renison University College
Praise for Brill Companions Online:

The Brill Companions have already established themselves as the ‘go to’ resource for students and academics who are looking not only for informed evaluation of the latest research as well as indications of the most up-to-date literature on a particular theme and topic, but also for the stimulus to re-evaluate their significance. Collectively they offer both encyclopaedic breadth as well as interpretative depth of treatment.”
Simon Ditchfield, University of York

This new Brill online series is a great resource for scholars and students…The collections combine leading edge theory and method with rich empirical data and they communicate unrivalled expertise clearly and concisely. A fabulous set of tools!
Steven Sutcliffe, University of Edinburgh

With each volume a considerable resource in its own right, combined, the companions form a repository and platform of academic discussion and study, offering peer-reviewed content which covers the state of existing research, methodologies, contemporary debates, and the directions future research might or should take.”
Elisabeth Arweck, University of Warwick
• March 2021
ISBN 978 90 04 46514 5
•  Number of titles in this collection: 23
•  Number of essays in this collection: 408
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Editors: Pamela M. Jones, Barbara Wisch, and Simon Ditchfield
This book of 30 chapters is the only multidisciplinary study of 16th- and 17th-century Rome that synthesizes and critiques past and recent scholarship while offering innovative analyses of a wide range of topics and identifying new avenues for research.
Editor: Vanda Wilcox
In Italy in the Era of the Great War, Vanda Wilcox brings together nineteen Italian and international scholars to analyse the political, military, social and cultural history of Italy in the country’s decade of conflict from 1911 to 1922.
Editor: John F. Lopez
This Companion shows how viceregal Mexico City had a deep sense of history, drawing from all that the ancient Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa offered but where history, culture, and identity twisted and turned in extraordinary fashion to forge a new society.
Editors: Philip Booth and Elizabeth Tingle
This companion volume seeks to trace the development of ideas relating to death, burial, and the remembrance of the dead in Europe between ca. 1300 and 1700. It serves as an indispensable introduction to the subject of death, burial, and commemoration in thirteenth to eighteenth century Europe.
Highlights in this collection
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•  Number of titles in this collection: 27
•  Number of essays in this collection: 474
•  March 2021
ISBN 978 90 04 46520 6
Editor: Samantha Kelly
A Companion to Medieval Ethiopia and Eritrea introduces readers to current research on major topics in the history and cultures of the Ethiopian-Eritrean region from the seventh century to the mid-sixteenth, with insights into foundational late-antique developments where appropriate.

Editor: Samantha Kahn Herrick
Hagiography and the History of Latin Christendom, 500–1500 shows the historical value of texts celebrating saints—both the most abundant medieval source material and among the most difficult to use.

Editor: Stavros Lazaris
Science in Byzantium has rarely been systematically explored. A first of its kind, this collection of essays highlights the disciplines, achievements, and contexts of Byzantine science across the eleven centuries of the Byzantine empire.

From Its Beginnings to the Reformation
Editors: Eleanor J. Giraud and J. Cornelia Linde
A Companion to the English Dominican Province offers an account of Dominican activities in England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales from their arrival in 1221 until their dissolution at the Reformation.

Highlights in this collection
•  October 2019
•  ISBN 978 90 04 42087 8
•  Number of titles in this collection: 10
•  Number of essays in this collection: c. 200
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Editor: Andreas Markantonatos

Brill’s Companion to Euripides offers 49 specially commissioned essays from leading international scholars which give critical examinations of the progress and direction of numerous wide-ranging debates about various aspects of Euripidean drama.
Editors: Sophia Xenophontos and Katerina Oikonomopoulou
Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Plutarch offers the first comprehensive analysis of Plutarch’s rich reception history from the Roman Imperial period through Late Antiquity and Byzantium to the Renaissance, Enlightenment and the modern era.
Highlights in this collection
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